Determining the KPIs of Germany’s En-gineering Industry based on the Evalua-tion of Contemporary Business Models


  • Konstantin Kostin Saint-Petersburg State University of Economics
  • Kristina Steinbiß
  • Oliver Petrinovic


KPIs, business model, business model evaluation, Germany’s engineering industry, industry-specific suc-cess patterns.


This study determines the correlation between industry-specific success patterns of Germany’s engineering industry and the business models applied within. In order to identify this correlation, the following objectives are addressed within the framework of this paper: (1) identification and description of business models used by Germany’s engineering industry; (2) analysis of industry-specific success patterns of Germany’s engineering industry by the usage of Key-Performance-Indicators (KPIs); and (3) determination of correlation between the KPIs and Germany’s engineering industry’s business models’ effectiveness. These objectives are mainly achieved by literature research and expert surveys. The findings highlight the KPIs (overall 41) that are relevant for the respective business models. This enables a better understanding of the interrelationships of the business model, in order to derive relevant conclusions. The paper contributes to the literature as it advances this field of research in Germany, and it is one of the first studies to examine the relationship between business models and industry-specific success patterns with relevant KPIs.